Chishui赤水 / Sidonggou 四洞沟 / Shizhangdong Waterfall 十丈洞瀑布

Chishui 赤水

Shizhangdong Falls

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Chishui 赤水, in the northeast of Guizhou province 贵州省, is a small but prosperous town. It owes its prosperity to its strategic location on the Chishui River 赤水河 (Chishui means Red Water), right on the border with Sichuan 四川. It’s a beautiful and fascinating area to explore if you have time. The only other tourists you’ll meet here will be Chinese.

The Chishui River 赤水河 was once part of the imperial Salt Route, which provided Guizhou with this precious condiment for many centuries. The river continues even today to be a busy commerial tranport route between Guizhou and Sichuan, with large flat bottom barges plying up and down between towns.

The city still preserves a few streets with traditional wooden houses, but in general the buildings are modern and slightly drab. Judging by the local people’s curious looks, giggles and pointing, Chishui doesn’t see too many foreigners. However, everyone was friendly and above all they seemed to enjoy having a good time.

In the afternoons and early evenings the whole town pours out on to the streets to go out for a stroll and a drink on one of the many small, improvised terraces by the river where, besides tea, pips and snacks, cold beers are served as well.


The river front is also the part of town where you can find most restaurants. Some of them are pretty decent with tasty and spicy Guizhou and Sichuan dishes being the norm. There was a surprisng amont of seafood on offer for such a landlocked area.

China’s second biggest waterfall

Obviously, the main reason for visiting Chishui are the Shizhangdong Falls十丈洞瀑布, the second biggest in China, and the amazing sub-tropical landscape with its unique vegetation, in which the giant ferns of the Spinulosa 桫椤 variety stand out.

Shizhangdong Falls



spinulosa Giant Fern

These ferns grow almost in the form of trees and can reach heights of three metres or more. It is said that they date from the Juraaic period, some 200 million years ago, and were once the favourite snack of the dinosaurs. The Shizhangdong Falls 十丈洞瀑布 are set in a lush natural park, which can be explored on foot in a couple of hours.

Spinulosa Ferns-and-Waterfall

However, while the Shizhangdong Falls 十丈洞瀑布 are 40 kilometres away from Chishui, you don’t have to go that far to see some giant ferns 桫椤.

Some 14 kilometres out of town is the natural park of Sidonggou 四洞沟, where you can walk along well-signposted paths that take you through tunnels of various types of bamboo,  giant ferns, and past several small waterfalls.


You can spend 3 or 4 hours walking, following the course of a red river, before reaching the 30-metre Bailong falls 白龙瀑布 at the end of the park. There are lots of food stalls and terraces along the way.

Waterfall in Sidonggou Nature-Park

You can easily spend a couple of days exploring the area which, apart from its magnificent scenery, also preserves some peaceful traditional villages, each with its own, authentically Sichuanese, teahouse.


Where to Stay and Eat:

Accommodation is Chishui is quite basic and grimy.


The Chishui Binguan, supposedly the most modern and swankiest hotel at the time, offers large room for 160 Yuan, but on closer inspection the walls are quite damp and the overall cleanliness leaves a lot to be desired. On the positive side, the staff are very friendly and helpful. They can help you find a reliable driver to explore the surroundings. Another option is the Zhongyue Dajiudian 中悦大酒店, it maybe a little better.

There are plenty of places to eat; most of the restaurants are near the river, some of them have terraces. We found an excellent Huo Guo 火锅 restaurant there.

An alternative to staying in Chishui  is to spend a couple of days in the middle of nature at the resorts near Sidongguo Park, about 14-15 kilometres outside Chishui.


Getting Around:

To get to Sidonggou 四洞沟 there are local mini-buses from Renmin Lu, but they are quite slow and only leave when full. Buses to the Shizhangdong Falls 十丈瀑布 only run in summer. That’s why hiring a taxi for a day (Baoche 包车) can be a good alternative. We paid 200 Yuan for a day, which gave us the opportunity to stop at some of the villages on the way.

Coming and Going:

Moving on from Chishui there are two bus stations. The smaller one, for buses to Luzhou 泸州, Yibin 宜宾 and other destinations within Sichuan Province, is on the other side of a bridge, in the village of Jiuzhi 九支 already inside Sichuan. Buses for Luzhou 泸州 leave every half an hour and the journey takes about 3 hours.( The Luzhou bus station, by the way, is very modern and efficient with rapid connections to all main cities in Sichuan, using a network of brand-new motorways.)

The other Chishui bus station, with departures for Guiyang, is near the Chishui Binguan. We arrived in Chishui from Guiyang. It took a punishing 14 hours due to numerous traffic accidents. It should take around 10 hours if you don’t have any hitches along the way.

Chishui 赤水 – Zigong 自贡

Village near Chishui


An extremely easy ride, a mere 5 hours, with a change of buses in the modern city of Luzhou 泸州 on the Yangtse River. The trip takes you through green and rural scenery; there are fields everywhere and peasants working the land.

Author: Adam

My name is Adam. I have a degree in Chinese History from SOAS and a masters in International Politics focused on China from the same university. I have travelled around China 9 times and since 2000 I have travelled every year for two months. I guess I kind of like the place!

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