Wuzhen 乌镇: A Classic Jiangnan Grand Canal Town

Arrival

The rusty old bus from Jiaxing in Zhejiang Province rumbled along the tree shaded road, swerving past frequent potholes and dodging wayward livestock. Rural scenes that hadn’t changed in a millennium flashed by the grime- incrusted windows. We secretly thought that we might be arriving in an undiscovered corner of Zhejiang and were about to enjoy a tourist- free canal town. How naive could we be? And our  wishful thinking of exploring a hidden gem was promptly shattered, when our bus hit a huge, 4 lane highway that cut in front of  our little country road, just as we were arriving in Wuzhen. The highway, built to facilitate the convoys of coaches that shunt tourists up and down from Hangzhou, ends in an enormous car park, from where microphone toting, flag waving tour guides harangue their cattle- like hordes through the main entrance.

The Town

Dating back to the Tang Dynasty, Wuzhen is a perfect example of a traditional Chinese canal town. Moreover, its location on waterways that feed into the Grand Canal takes visitors back to times gone by.  Unfortunately, in some ways, Wuzhen may be too perfect for its own good. The preservation of its architecture, a mixture of Qing and Ming dynasty houses and mansions, is stunning. The time-worn narrow cobbled streets, huge ancient doorways and delicately arched bridges entice exploration. However, the problem with Wuzhen is that it can get swamped; not by water, but by humans. No self-respecting Chinese tour group visiting Hangzhou, of which there are thousands, can leave Wuzhen off its list. What’s more, many Western travel agencies have added the town to their itinerary. Even in mid-week, in the middle of September 2005, it was pretty crowded.

Things to See and Do

Despite being well established on the tourist route, Continue reading “Wuzhen 乌镇: A Classic Jiangnan Grand Canal Town”

Shaoxing绍兴 the City of Wine黄酒 and Chou Doufu 臭豆腐 (Smelly Doufu)

A few years ago we posted an article about Shaoxing on HolaChina: Your Gateway to China.

I have just found this rather nice video about Shaoxing, its wine and smelly tofu, on Youtube. They film it in the same restaurant we describe in our 2001 visit. However, it seems that the place has been somewhat sanitised since we were there.  But it is great to see that the wooden benches and tables are still there.

The Video is in Chinese with English Subtitles. Click below and enjoy it..

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry

On the Grand Canal 大運河

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河 December 21st 1990 was a trip that now can never be done again; the service was discontinued many years ago.

In the winter of 1990 we took a local ferry along the Grand Canal, travelling from Suzhou in Jiangsu province to Hangzhou in Zhejiang province. For me, not Margie, it was one of the most memorable trips in my life. All the more so, because it is a trip that can never be repeated in the same way, as there has been virtually no local passenger transport between the two cities for over a decade.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

Before I give my own version of the journey, here is how our treasured 1988 copy of Lonely Planet described the canal ferries:

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou City


Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry: by day or by night?

“Travellers have done the route from Hangzhou to Suzhou on overnight passenger boats (with sleeping berths) or on daytime 150-seater ferries. Some people regard this trip the highlight of their China trip. Others have found the boats dirty, crowded and uncomfortable, with a fair percentage of the trip taken up by high canal banks. Some words of advice; you need a good bladder since toilets are terrible; you need some food; and try to get a window seat, both to see the scenery and escape the smokers on the boat.”

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou 1990

In corroboration of this rather dry comment, one reader wrote the following: “The boat is terrible, dirty, cramped, its windows just above the waterline make it hard to see anything, but the ‘toilet’ won the prize as the worst in all China. It was a large bucket that was not emptied during our trip, which took 14 hours (including two hours when we were stopped by fog, which is very common in fall and winter).”
‘China A Travel Survival Kit’ 1998, Lonely Planet.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

Here is our account:

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry: We chose to go by day

A freezing fog hung heavily over a wintry Suzhou. Our spindly cycle- rickshaw rider whisked us through the dark silent streets, now and again letting out a tired groan as he heaved and hauled his rusty old bike over the many arched bridges that spanned the dank, black canals, his body tensing as he stood up to force the rickshaw over the final few centimetres, before slumping back onto the seat as the decent began.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou

The eerie silence was often broken by the tingle of approaching cyclists’ bells, who, like the spectres you pass in a ghost train, flashed out of the darkness only to vanish again into the void. We passed clusters of hunched shapes, peasants on their way to market, weighed down by bundles, sacks and laden bamboo poles.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou

They didn’t speak, preferring to concentrate on the task ahead. Bare light bulbs, or the rare lantern, lit up whitewashed houses and black slated roofs. The night hid their poverty and decrepit state and they looked romantic, as if belonging to another, more prosperous time.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou


Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry: Are we going or not? It’s foggy!

It was four thirty in the morning and we were heading for the boat dock for the local five o’clock ferry to Hangzhou. Our driver pulled up by a shack that was the ticket office. We were expecting the usual double charging policy for foreigners, or at least a demand for payment in FECs (Foreign Exchange Certificates), but neither occurred.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou Grand Canal

The boat crew inspected us with the bored expression of those who have seen enough foreigners for the novelty to have worn off. The reaction of the few passengers was the opposite, and consequently we were subjected to more of those long, blank, unmoving stares that characterized so much of travelling in China in those days.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou Grand Canal



Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry: No mad rush to board the boat

As we were expecting the usual mad rush of excited peasants, scrambling for scarce seats, we quickly boarded and grabbed a place by the window. However, there was no last minute assault. In fact, there were only around 15 of us by departure time, making the large ferry look rather empty and forlorn. It was cold, terribly cold. 

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

As we waited for the boat to leave, an animated discussion broke out amongst the crew. Not understanding Chinese at the time, we could only speculate as to what was going on. It was the fog. The boat wasn’t going to leave until the fog lifted. Some passengers already began to abandon ship.

Precious Belt Bridge 1990
Precious Belt Bridge 1990

SUZHOU TO HANGZHOU BY LOCAL FERRY: It is Getting pretty miserable


We sat shivering, waiting for something to happen, our feet frozen. Meanwhile, three dirt- poor peasants, a man, his wife and what might have been a sister, all wearing blue padded Mao suits, had become obsessed by our presence. They shamelessly gaped at us and leered over our shoulders, their faces mostly expressionless, except when pointing at some part of our bodies, commenting on it and then roaring with laughter.

Young couple Suzhou 1990
Young couple suzhou 1990

Suddenly there was a hoot and we were off, though the fog hadn’t lifted. Twenty minutes later we stopped again. I could just make out the famous Precious Belt Bridge we had visited only the day before, so I knew we hadn’t gone far. By this time, the remaining passengers had started giving up and abandoning the boat, leaving us with the three peasants. A miserable two hours followed.

Precious Belt Bridge 1990 and Grand Canal
Margie Precious Belt Bridge 1990

The cold pierced all parts of our bodies; the garlicky breath of the peasants on the back of our necks was oppressive and vile. I was sure Margie was cursing me. This had been my idea. I began to waver and thought that we too might give up on what I had thought would be a romantic trip along the Grand Canal.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

SUZHOU TO HANGZHOU BY LOCAL FERRY: And then we are off

Just as our discomfort started reaching unbearable levels, a ray of light broke through the fog and, like a curtain rising in the theatre, it lifted and vanished in a matter of minutes, revealing a beautifully sunny winter’s day. The Captain hooted the horn and we were off again.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河


I love rivers and river scenery and the Grand Canal, one of the world’s great engineering feats, has some of the most fascinating and beautiful vistas I’ve ever seen. It is not dramatic like the Yangtze, or brimming with legends like the Yellow River, but it is full of life and mystery.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河



History and Legends

Work on the waterway best known as the Grand Canal began during the Sui Dynasty (581-618), though for centuries before local rulers had been attempting to build canals in the area. Its sheer size and scale rivals the building of the Great Wall; and like the Great Wall its construction cost the lives of millions of labourers.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

The Canal’s main purpose was to transport rice, grains and salt from the rich, fertile Southern provinces to the barren and drought- prone North. The total length of the Grand Canal is roughly 1,770 km. The Canal’s history has been a turbulent one, and many of China’s rebellions have had their origins in its environs.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河

For instance, it was a fertile breeding ground for secret societies, such as the fanatical Buddhist Sect, the ‘White Lotus Society’.
During its eventful past, the Canal was often left to fall into neglect, only to be revived again and restored to its former glory several times.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by Ferry
Grand Canal Traffic



SUZHOU TO HANGZHOU BY LOCAL FERRY: Still very rural in 1990 with the odd exception

In 1990, the landscape between Suzhou and Hangzhou was predominately rural: the bucolic images of bamboo huts propped up on stilts, peasants in conical boats harvesting water chestnuts, and the odd fishing junk with its ragged, but romantic sails trying to catch what little breeze there was, could have been plucked straight from a scroll painting, dating from a time when China was still ruled by the Son of Heaven.

Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河
Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry on the Granal Canal 大運河 the odd ugly Factory

Of course, the modern world had encroached upon and entered into the secret world of the Grand Canal: the towns we passed were grey and industrial, their high chimneys belching black smoke into the blue sky. Huge barges, loaded with coal and grit, sometimes in convoys nearly half a kilometre long, plied the waterways in a constant to and fro. Competing with the barges was a flotilla of small boats, manned by entire families and their pets.

Boat traffic on the grand canal
Boat traffic on the Grand Canal


SUZHOU TO HANGZHOU BY LOCAL FERRY: How the traffic is Organised

How the boats managed not to crash I’ll never know. Or perhaps they did, and often, but we never saw it. I do remember the women standing on the prow, frantically waving red flags to warn other boats of their right of way.

Ordering the Canal Traffic Suzhou 2005 Colour
Ordering the Canal Traffic Suzhou 2005
Continue reading “Suzhou to Hangzhou by local ferry”

Shaoxing & Huangjiu

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The smell of the wine hung heavy in the bar and impregnated the old wooden tables, chairs, floor and beams. Old and young took large gulps and slurped the wine from ceramic bowls. Mah-jong blocks crashed on the table, and chopsticks raced with each other to pick up the last piece of stinky tofu. The owner smiled and exposed his blackened teeth, more bowls of wine were ordered as new customers replaced departing ones. Welcome to Shaoxing and it’s wine….

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